The second amendment — along with all the ideas and proposals that surround it — is a contentions issue in America today. For a lot of single-issue voters, it is the single most important issue. As the gun manufacturers, enthusiasts, and the NRA flex their muscles, we’ve seen that they can use the Amendment to turn elections and control policy.
Growing up in America’s South, it’s always been axiomatic that the second amendment granted a personal and inviolable right for a private citizen to possess, carry, and use firearms. It has always been a little less clear if that right could ever have any restrictions placed upon it at all — usually a theoretical restriction might be allowed, but the one under discussion is always a bridge too far.
So you can imagine my surprise when I learned that a case could be made that the Founders did not intend the second amendment to confer an individual right, and indeed that this interpretation is largely the creation of relatively recent efforts to implant the idea into our collective consciousness — popular, legislative, and judicial.
Given my background, this is a fairly startling idea. Waldman, however, managers to argue that case competently and, with some caveats, has me convinced.
These caveats are fairly large, however, and are worth noting. First, and most obviously, Waldman is clearly approaching this issue from the stance that guns could (and should) be regulated sensibly. As such, he is no doubt biased to make the case that the second amendment protections for an individual are not nearly as strong as his political opponents assert.
Second, the impetus for Waldman writing this book was the Supreme Court’s ruling in 2008 that the second amendment does indeed confer the individual right that Waldman argues against. Since the Court is the ultimate arbiter of what the Constitution does or does not mean, Waldman is simply factually incorrect: the second amendment says that private citizens have broad rights to possess firearms. Waldman’s book thus becomes an interesting historical discussion about the changing interpretations of our founding document through the years. But its principle thesis, in a legal sense, is wrong.
I was going to say that I would like to see a good conservative rebuttal to Waldman’s premise. But it turns out that Justice Scalia has already written that rebuttal — and it is authoritative.
So instead of proving a point, Waldman’s book can instead be looked at as illuminating a path. If, as he asserts, a large contingent of special interests can rewrite history and create a right where there was none, perhaps a similar group can use similar methods to rewrite our society’s understanding of the second amendment once again. It’s a compelling idea: a revolution composed elections and books and academic papers. And, like the revolution that Waldman chronicles, it may be achieved without a single shot fired at the opposition.
There is a reason that much sci-fi (and most space opera) assumes easy access to faster-than-light travel. The universe is so vast that simply using physics-as-we-know-it ends up trapping the story on one planet — or, at best, one solar system.
Neptune’s Brood goes the other way though, and asks “What kind of interstellar society can exist in our universe?” It answers questions like “How do they travel?”, “How do they communicate?”, and — most importantly — “How does money work?”.
Economics lies at the heart of this book and I love it. By tying the story so closely with finance, Stross gives us a book that takes an extremely long view. The main impetus for the plot took place thousands of years ago and finally catches up with the characters’ present due to the amount of time it takes for money to travel between the stars.
This book is full of great economic ideas like new types of money (fast, medium, and slow), privateer insurance companies, “assault auditors”, and “the FTL scam”. But it also has plenty of the more pedestrian sci-fi style of ideas like re-manufactured bodies, galactic colonization, and mer-people.
Most surprisingly, this book had a lot of words I didn’t know. I have a fairly large vocabulary so it’s both surprising and enticing to have to access my Kindle’s dictionary as often as I did here. I regret now not keeping a list of the new words I was learning.
I loved this book and was excited by every page turn. In some ways, it makes me sad because it was so close to rating 5-stars. But it includes a few too many confusing action scenes (mostly chases, to be honest) that I found myself skimming over to get back to the meat. That probably says more about the market the book was written for than anything.
I believe that this is the second book that Stross has set in this universe and now I’m eager to go read the first. Anyone who likes sci-fi would be well advised to pick this one up for it has easily earned its Hugo nomination this year.
I don’t run across much literary fiction when perusing the SF/F aisles. There’s something about genre fiction that tends to attract simpler writing styles with punchy plots. And that’s not a bad thing: I like punchy plots and engaging writing.
But sometimes it’s nice to have something a little meatier too. And if that meatier book finds itself in a genre where it has a bunch of conventions to play with, that’s all the better.
This book satisfies the desire for literary fiction. And it has some fantasy elements — it exists in a made-up world with made-up geography and made-up languages and customs and there’s a hint of magic — but it’s only barely a fantasy book. The magic is mostly spiritualism and is enough to let it appear on SF award lists, but it should appeal to folks who don’t necessarily like ogres and trolls and wizards.
In place of a strong plot, it is instead a love letter to books and the written word with a simple plot placed around that. The main character does things (though, mostly, is carried along as things happen to him) but the book isn’t really about that. Instead, the book is really about the stories and songs that he hears as he moves through the world.
The language is, in places, beautiful. But that’s also where I find fault with the book: often, the writing feels like it’s trying to hard and goes over the line into the hard-to-understand.
I think this is a good book. I think it’s an important book. I think SF needs more books like this alongside the Old Man’s Wars and Wheel of Times. I hope that Sofia Samatar writes more genre books because I’d like to read them.
We’ve been using Scrum at work for several years now — and we’ve had a lot of success with it. But recently, the team I’m on has started to notice that (for various and unnecessary reasons), our workload is not as amenable to Scrum as it used to be. So we’re starting to talk about looking for something else and Kanban is the most obvious starting point.
Skimming Wikipedia had given me a rough idea of what Kanban was, but this book filled in the details in a breezy, entertaining, and enjoyable-to-read fashion. It uses comic illustrations and interactions between a fictional team who’s trying out Kanban to highlight the sort of situations that come up when using Kanban and how to deal with them.
In particular, this book heavily emphasizes the idea that Kanban isn’t a system or process so much as it is a set of principles and rough guidelines. Because it’s not itself a process, you can implement Kanban on top of whatever process you’re currently using — something I’ve not managed to glean before.
My one criticism of this book as that all of the examples are far too neat. In the real world, I’d expect you to run into far more gray areas that aren’t handled quite as easily the ones the book’s imaginary team faces. In particular, I’d have liked to see some examples for adding Kanban to an existing Scrum workflow — the authors point out that this is possible several times, but never really get into what that means. Too often, they just shrug their shoulders and say “It depends”.
I guess that’s what consultants are for. But if you’d rather do some reading instead of (or before) paying those consultants, this book is probably not bad place to start!